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When citing several citations, do I alphabetize by author or by title?

Last Updated: Jan 07, 2011  |  3717 Views

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For APA, do the following:

  • Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.
  • If you have more than one article by the same author, single-author references or multiple-author references with the exact same authors in the exact same order are listed in order by the year of publication, starting with the earliest (

For MLA, do the following:

  • Entries are listed alphabetically by the author's last name (or, for entire edited collections, editor names).
  • If you have cited more than one work by a particular author, order the entries alphabetically by title, and use three hyphens in place of the author's name for every entry after the first (

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