Answered By: Denise R. Gehring, MSLIS, MA
Last Updated: Sep 29, 2021     Views: 4

"What is PRISMA?

PRISMA stands for Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. It is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The aim of the PRISMA Statement is to help authors improve the reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PRISMA can also be used as a basis for reporting literature reviews for other types of research.

How does it work?

There is a PRISMA Statement which is a 27-item checklist and a four-phase flow diagram. The checklist and diagram will evolve as new evidence emerges. It is an update and expansion of the older QUOROM Statement. The website contains the current definitive version of the PRISMA Statement.

The easiest way to use PRISMA is to download the PRISMA flow diagram as a word document to your computer and edit it to list the databases used and the number of references retrieved. If you go through it updating each part of the diagram, then it will give a logical description of the steps you have taken to complete your literature review. 

If you want to go into more detail, then you can download and use the 27-item checklist." (GCU, 2021)

More information on how to complete the Prisma following a step by step process go to